Do you ever notice yourself feeling dizzy, lightheaded, or feel as though the room is spinning around you? If the response is yes, you might have a balance problem. Balance problems will give you a sense of being unsteady. You may notice blurred vision, confusion, or disorientation. Problems with the inner ear, aging, infections, head injuries, and medications can all cause balance problems. It is essential to arrange a meeting with a healthcare professional if you have balance problems.
Causes Of Balance Problems
There are many possible reasons for balance problems. Medications, an ear infection, or a head injury can easily cause problems in the inner ear. Of course, balance problems are common among older adults. Low blood pressure can lead to balance problems if you stand too quickly. A balance problem can be the result of skeletal or visual problems like arthritis and eye muscle imbalance. Meniere’s disease, which is a change of the fluid volume in your ear, is a possible cause. Tumors, like an acoustic neuroma, is another possible culprit.
Balance Problem Symptoms
You may feel like you are moving when standing still. Or you might be unsteady on your feet, feeling like the space around you is spinning. Other common symptoms of balance problems include:
Change in heart rate
Diagnosing A Balance Problem
If you are experiencing balance problems, it is vital that you see your healthcare provider. A balance problem can be something simple, or it can be a serious underlying problem. Your provider will evaluate your medical history and conduct a physical and neurological examination. A doctor might refer you to a hearing healthcare professional for a diagnosis and treatment. You may undergo testing of your blood, hearing, eye movement, and brain activity.
The successful treatment of balance problems depends upon the cause of the problem. The treatment for a balance problem could include the following:
Balance retraining exercises. A healthcare provider can design a program of balance retraining and exercises. This therapy can help you cope with imbalance or help you adapt to less balance. It might also include ways to prevent falls.
Positioning. A healthcare professional can use a repositioning procedure to remove particles from your inner ear. The process consists of maneuvering the position of your head.
Diet and lifestyle. Dietary changes are effective for lessening the symptoms of Meniere’s disease or migraine headaches. For orthostatic hypotension, you may consider drinking more fluids.
Medications. Prescription medications are effective for vertigo that lasts many hours or days. These medications help to control dizziness and vomiting.
Surgery. Meniere’s disease or acoustic neuroma may require surgery. Stereotactic radiosurgery is an option for an acoustic neuroma in which radiation targets the tumor without the need for an incision.
Balance problems result from numerous causes, and it is essential to see a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis. Medications, lifestyle changes, and surgery may help your balance problem. An individualized long-term therapy plan may also be helpful.