A broken nose is a crack or break of the nasal bones. In the majority of broken nose cases, there is also damage to nearby nasal cartilage. Due to its prominent and unprotected position on the face, the nose is vulnerable to impact from accidents and violence. It is unknown how many people break their noses because many people with mild fractures never seek medical treatment.
The signs and symptoms of a fractured nose typically develop immediately. Some occurrences of broken noses may not show signs for up to three days. The symptoms of a fractured nose include the following:
Broken noses are responsible for about 40% of all facial fractures. The nose is bone and cartilage, and when hit with force, the bones may fracture or crack. The result is a broken nose. There are multiple causes for a fractured nose, including sports injuries, fights, car accidents, and falls. Sometimes, the nose can break from not taking required precautions like weightlifting without a spotter, not using a seat belt in the car, and not using a helmet for protection during sports.
If you believe that you might have a broken nose, there are three steps you can take immediately to help your broken nose. The actions to consider if you have a nasal injury include:
If the symptoms do not abate, you have difficulty breathing, or a fever after a few days, contact a healthcare professional.
If the fracture does not result in a crooked or otherwise deformed nose, it may not require medical treatment. A healthcare professional can recommend self-care methods like icepacks and over-the-counter medications for pain control. If the break is more involved than just a simple fracture, a closed reduction may be needed. The procedure involves the use of various instruments to realign the nose. Surgery will be required if the nose needs to be realigned and reshaped. A healthcare professional can perform a rhinoplasty to reshape the nose.
There are measures you can take to avert a broken nose. Always wear your seat belt! Use the suggested safety equipment like helmets and pads when playing contact sports. Also be sure to wear a helmet during bicycle or motorcycle rides. The nose resides in a vulnerable position on the face, so be sure to protect your face whenever possible. Be careful out there when you are having fun!